Kirstin Anderson

A&HG 4029


Elementary Lesson Plan


1.     OBJECTIVE- Students will learn that a pentatonic scale consists of five notes.  They will then compose a twelve measure pentatonic melody using whole notes, half notes, quarter notes, eighth notes and quarter rests.

2.     PURPOSE-This lesson follows our beginning composition unit. 

3.     MATERIALS NEEDED- Computer, projector, Microsoft Musical Instruments program, Pentatonic Scales handout, Listening Response sheet and staff paper.

4.     ANTICIPATORY SET- A recording of the Koto will be playing as the students enter.  Students will answer questions about the recording on their listening sheet. 


…              After students have had time to listen and respond to the piece, the class will discuss the example.

…              Show photograph of the Koto from Microsoft Musical Instruments program.  Discuss the origin of the instrument, itΉs parts and qualities.

…              Discuss how the melody being played on the instrument is pentatonic, consisting of a five note pattern.  Pass out the Pentatonic Scales handout and go over with the class.

…              Question and answer review on value of notes and how to draw note heads on lines and spaces.  Pass out staff paper.

…              Compose Pentatonic melodies, students can pick from the pentatonic scales on the handout.

11.  CHECK FOR STUDENT UNDERSTANDING-Students will show understanding of the lesson by composing a twelve measure pentatonic melody using  whole notes, half notes, quarter notes and eighth notes.

12.  CLOSURE-Students will answer questions about the structure of pentatonic scales, the use of pentatonic scales in Japanese music and note values used in their compositions.

13.  EXTENSIONS-Continuation of scales and composition unit, next week focus on major scales.  How are major scales different from pentatonic scales in their sound and structure?